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杭州在线 2019-12-02 17:55

龙泉窑是中国历史上的一个名窑,宋代六窑之一,龙泉窑属于中国南方青瓷系列,因其主要产区在浙江省龙泉市而得名。它开创于三国两晋,盛于南宋、元、明,结束于清代,生产瓷器的历史长达1600多年,是中国制瓷历史上最长的一个瓷窑系,它的产品畅销于亚洲、非洲、欧洲的许多国家和地区,并获得了中国瓷器史上唯一拥有国际身份的标识Celadon,其知名度仅次于China,影响十分深远。

Longquan kiln is a famous kiln in the history of China. It is one of the six kilns in Song Dynasty. Longquan kiln belongs to celadon Series in South China. It is named after Longquan City, Zhejiang Province, which is the main production area. It was founded in the Three Kingdoms and Jin Dynasties, flourished in the Southern Song Dynasty, Yuan Dynasty and Ming Dynasty, and ended in the Qing Dynasty. It has a history of producing porcelain for more than 1600 years. It is the longest porcelain kiln system in China's porcelain making history. Its products sell well in many countries and regions in Asia, Africa and Europe, and it has obtained the only sign celadon with international identity in China's porcelain history. Its popularity is second only to China, and its influence is very strong Far reaching.

 

 

龙泉窑产品以民间生活日用青瓷为主。宋青瓷胎色灰白,釉色艾绿,釉质薄匀晶莹,多以刻花、篾点或篾划装饰技法,表现波浪、蕉叶、团花、缠枝花、流云、婴戏等纹样。还有塑贴纹饰。器类以碗、盘、壶等为主,也有少量的盆、 钵、 罐、瓶等。造型端庄,制作工整,器底旋削平滑。

Longquan kiln products are mainly celadon for daily use in folk life. The blue porcelain of Song Dynasty is gray in color, AI green in glaze, thin, even and crystal clear in glaze. It is decorated with carving, spot or scratch with bamboo strips, showing patterns of waves, banana leaves, round flowers, entwined flowers, flowing clouds, baby plays, etc. There are also plastic decals. Utensils are mainly bowls, plates, pots, etc., but also a small number of pots, bowls, pots, bottles, etc. The model is dignified, the production is neat, and the bottom of the device is peeled smoothly.

 

龙泉青釉可分成石灰釉和石灰碱釉两大类宋青瓷为石灰釉,由于石灰釉的高温粘度小,易于流釉,一般釉层较薄。由玻璃相组成的石灰釉,透明度好,釉面光泽较强,能清晰的映出刻划纹饰,因而北宋龙泉青瓷多以刻、划花为饰。

Longquan celadon can be divided into two categories: Lime glazes and lime alkali glazes. Because of the low high temperature viscosity of lime glazes, it is easy to flow glazes, and the glaze layer is generally thin. The lime glaze composed of glass phase has good transparency and strong glaze luster, which can clearly reflect the carving patterns. Therefore, Longquan celadon in the Northern Song Dynasty is mostly decorated with carving and carving flowers.

 

 

 此件龙泉窑鬼谷子下山图双龙耳瓶,藏品瓶盘口、束颈、溜肩、弧腹下渐收、圈足。通体施青釉、釉层肥厚,仅足端无釉露胎,胎质坚硬。口沿下饰双龙耳,颈部浮雕蕉叶纹,腹部饰“鬼谷子下山”图案,胫部饰覆莲纹。此类器形为龙泉窑南宋典型器,有不同尺寸的器物传世。双耳变化较多,有龙耳、凤耳、魔猲耳及鱼耳等,偶见耳内套带有双环的。

This is a double dragon ear bottle with a picture of Guiguzi going down the mountain in Longquan kiln. The collection bottle has a mouth, a neck, a shoulder, and an arc belly. The whole body is covered with blue glaze and the glaze layer is thick. There is no exposed glaze at the foot end, and the tire is hard. The mouth is decorated with double dragon ears, the neck is embossed with banana leaf pattern, the abdomen is decorated with the pattern of "Guiguzi going down the mountain", and the shin is decorated with lotus pattern. This kind of utensil is a typical one of Longquan kiln in the Southern Song Dynasty, with different sizes handed down. There are many changes in both ears, such as dragon ear, Phoenix ear, devil's ear and fish ear. Occasionally, the inner ear is covered with double rings.

 

整对龙泉窑可以看出瓷釉厚润,釉色淡绿,胎骨较厚,胎土淡灰,底足露胎,胎微出烧,釉的玻化程度好,釉层透明,釉表光泽很强。纹饰繁而不琐,显示了独特的魅力,是龙泉瓷佳作之品。

The whole pair of Longquan kilns can see that the glaze is thick and moist, the glaze is light green, the body bone is thick, the body soil is light gray, the bottom foot is exposed, the body is slightly burnt, the degree of glaze vitrification is good, the glaze layer is transparent, and the glaze surface luster is strong. The pattern is complicated but not trivial, which shows the unique charm and is the best product of Longquan porcelain.

 

其造型亦形成自已的风格,稳重大方,浑厚淳朴而又不失秀媚,装饰采用刻花和堆塑法,颇具艺术匠心。其龙泉青瓷的釉色与质地之美,亦如巧夺天工的人造美玉,全世人为之倾倒。藏品属罕见之物,令人爱不释手,非常适合收藏和投资,具有相当高的收藏价值。

Its shape also forms its own style, steady and generous, honest and unsophisticated without losing its beauty. Its decoration adopts carving and stacking method, which is quite artistic. The glaze color and texture of Longquan celadon are as beautiful as the artificial jade, which is marvelous in craftsmanship. Collection is a rare thing, which is very suitable for collection and investment and has a high collection value.

 

 

 

 

 

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